Saturday, 1 June 2013

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About Lie and Liers

ALLAH, The Creator of mankind, told us in the 96th chapter of His Quran; "Lies, aggression and hostility come from the frontal lobe of the brain (behind the forehead)"; 1,400 years before Sigmund Freud existed.  ALLAH Almighty tells about the source of lying inside the brain of humans, fourteen hundred years ago. ALLAH tells us how He will deal with the liars, the lying sinful liars, in surah Al Alaq. (chapter 96).

"Allah will grab him by the (naseyah) [frontal lobe of the brain], the lying sinful (naseyah)

In the name of ALLAH, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

          How could anyone have imagined 1,400 years ago, the frontal lobe of the brain was the source of lying, aggression and transgression? Yet, this is described in Quran as the exact location inside of the human mind for these horrible characteristics.
We can say, without doubt that, lying is one of the most evil characteristics, of which all religions and systems of ethics warn against and which man's innate common sense (Fitrah) agrees that it is wrong. Any who possess normal chivalry and sound reason would be obliged to same the same. 

Truthfulness is one of the pillars on which the moral survival of the world depends. It is the foundation of praiseworthy characteristics, the foundation of prophet hood and the result of taqwah. Were it not for truthfulness, the rulings of all divinely-revealed laws would collapse. Acquiring the characteristic of lying is akin to shedding one's humanity, because speaking is an exclusively human trait.

Many bad things may result from this, some of which we will mention below. 
The prohibition of lying. 

1. ALLAH says (interpretation of the meaning): 
“It is only those who believe not in the Ayah (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they who are liars."
[al-Nahl 16:105] 
Ibn Kathir said: 
Then Allah tells us that His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is not a fabricator or a liar, because only the most evil of people who do not believe in the signs of Allah, the kafirs and heretics who are known amongst the people for telling lies, tell lies about Allah and His Messenger(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). The Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was the most truthful of people, the most righteous, the most perfect in knowledge, action, faith and certain belief. He was known amongst his people for his truthfulness; none of them doubted that, to such an extent that he was known amongst them as ‘al-Ameen (the trustworthy) Muhammad.’

So, when Heraclius, the ruler of Rome, asked Abu Sufyan about the characteristics of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), one of the things he asked was, ‘Did you ever accuse him of lying before he said what he said?’ He said, ‘No.’ Heraclius said: ‘If he refrained from telling lies about people he would not go and tell lies about Allah’ 
(Tafseer Ibn Kathir, 2/588) 

2. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is entrusted with something, he betrays that trust.” 
(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 33; Muslim, 59) 

The most evil kinds of lies are: 

1. Lies told about Allah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). 
This is the most serious kind of lie, and the one who does this is subject to a severe warning. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 
“Say: ‘Verily, those who invent a lie against Allah will never be successful’”
[Yunus 10:69] 
It was narrated that ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Do not tell lies about me. Whoever tells lies about me, let him enter the Fire.’” 
(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 106). 
Lying also includes lies told about or to other people, such as

2. Lying in buying and selling. 
It was narrated from Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “There are three to whom Allah will not speak on the Day of Resurrection and He will not look at them or praise them, and they will have a painful torment.” The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) repeated this three times. Abu Dharr said: “May they be doomed and lost, who are they, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “The one who lets his garment hang below his ankles, the one who reminds others of his favors, and the one who disposes of his goods by swearing a false oath.” 
(Narrated by Muslim, 106) 

3. The prohibition on lying about visions and dreams 
This refers to when some of them claim to have seen such and such in a dream, but they are not telling the truth, then in the morning he starts to tell the people something that he did not see. 

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever tells of a dream that he did not see will be commanded [on the Day of Resurrection] to tie two grains of barley together, but he will never be able to do it. Whoever eavesdrops on people’s conversation when they dislike that – or they try to get away from him - will have molten copper poured in his ears in the Day of Resurrection. And whoever makes an image will be punished and will be told to breathe life into it, and he will not be able to do so.” 

The punishment for that is so severe – even though lies when awake may cause more damage, because they may involve testimony that may lead to execution or a hard punishment – because lying about a dream is a lie about ALLAH, may He be exalted, for dreams are a part of Prophet hood, so they come from Him, and lying about the Creator is worse than lying about created beings. 
(Fayd al-Qadeer, 6/99) 

4. The prohibition of speaking about everything that one hears 
It was narrated that Hafsa ibn ‘Aasim said: “The Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) said: ‘It is sufficient lying for a man to speak of everything that he hears.’” 
(Narrated by Muslim, 5) 

With regard to the meanings of the hadeeth and reports on this topic, they discourage speaking about everything that one hears. For usually a person will hear both true things and lies, so if he were to speak of everything that he hears, he would be lying, by telling of something that did not happen. We have stated above the view of the people of truth: that lying means telling of something in a manner other than the way it happened. It is not conditional upon it being done deliberately, but its being done deliberately is a condition of it being a sin. And ALLAH knows best.” 
(Sharh Muslim, 1/75) 

5. Lying in jest 
Some people think that it is permissible to tell lies if it is in jest. This is the excuse that they use for telling lies on April 1st or on other days. This is wrong. There is no basis for this in the pure Shari'ah. Lying is haram. wheather the one who does it is joking or is serious. 
Lying in jest is haram. just like other kinds of lies. 
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) said, ‘I joke, but I speak nothing but the truth.’” 
(narrated by al-Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, 12/391) 

6. Lying when playing with children 
We must beware of lying when playing with children, because that will be written down (in the record of deeds of) the one who that. The Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) warned against doing that. It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Aamir (may ALLAH be pleased with him) said: “My mother called me one day when the Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) was sitting in our house. She said, ‘Come here, and I will give you (something).’ The Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) said, ‘What do you want to give him?’ She said, ‘I will give him a date.’ The Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) said: ‘If you had not given him something, you would have been lying.’” 

And it was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) said: ‘Whoever says to a child, ‘Come here and take this,’ then does not give him something, this is counted as a lie.’” 
(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4991) 
This hadith was classed as hasan by Shaykh al-‘Albaani in Saheeh al-Jami’, 1319. 

7. Lying to make people laugh 
It was narrated that Mu’aawiyah ibn Haydah said: “I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) say: ‘Woe to the one who talks to make the people laugh and tells lies, woe to him, woe to him.’” 
(narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 235. He said: this is a Hasan hadith. Also narrated by Abu Dawood, 4990). 

The punishment for lying: 
The liar is warned of destructive punishment in this world, and humiliating punishment in the Hereafter. These include: 

1. Hypocrisy in the heart. 
ALLAH says (interpretation of the meaning): 
“So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with ALLAH) which they had promised to Him and because they used to tell lies
[al-Tawbah 9:77] 

‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: “You may know the hypocrite by three things: when he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is entrusted with something he betrays that trust.”. He said: “Recite this ayah (interpretation of the meaning):

‘And of them are some who made a covenant with Allah (saying): “If He bestowed on us of His Bounty, we will verily, give Sadaqah (Zakaah and voluntary charity in ALLAH's Cause) and will be certainly among those who are righteous.”

Then when He gave them of His Bounty, they became niggardly [refused to pay the Sadaqah (Zakaah or voluntary charity)], and turned away, averse.
So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with ALLAH) which they had promised to Him and because they used to tell lies
[al-Tawbah 9:75-77].” 
(Musanaaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, 6/125) 

2. Guidance to evildoing and to the Fire 
It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said:
“The Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) said: ‘Truthfulness is righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. A person will continue to tell the truth until he is written with Allah as one who tells the truth. Lying is evildoing, and evildoing leads to Hell. A person will keep on telling lies until he is written as a liar.’” 
(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 5743; Muslim, 2607) 

3. His testimony will be rejected 
Ibn al-Qayyim said: 
[The reason why the testimony of the liar is rejected] 
The strongest reason why testimonies, Fatwas and reports may be rejected is lying, because it corrupts the very essence of the testimony, Fatwa or report. It is like the testimony of a blind man concerning sighting the new moon, or the testimony of a deaf man concerning having heard the admission of someone. The lying tongue is like some faculty that is no longer working, indeed it is even worse than that, for the most evil thing a man may possess is a lying tongue. 
A’laam al-Muwaqqi’een, 1/95 

4. Blackening of the face in this world and in the Hereafter 

ALLAH says (interpretation of the meaning): 
“And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied against ALLAH (i.e. attributed to Him sons, partners) their faces will be black" [al-Zumar 39:60] 
Ibn al-Qayyim said:
Hence on the Day of Resurrection ALLAH will make blackened faces the sign of the one who told lies about Him and His Messenger. Lying has a great effect in blackening the face and covering it with a mask of shame which every truthful person will be able to see. The feature of the liar is clearly visible in the face, and everyone who has the eyes to see can see it. But ALLAH will bless the truthful person with dignity and respect, so whoever sees him will respect him and love him, and He will give the liar humiliation and shame, so whoever sees him will loathe him and despise him. And ALLAH is the Source of strength. 
A’laam al-Muwaqqi’een, 1/95 

5. The liar will have the flesh of his cheeks torn to the back of his head 
It was narrated that Samurah ibn Jundub (may ALLAH have mercy on him) said: “The Messenger of ALLAH (peace and blessings of ALLAH be upon him) often used to say to his companions, ‘Has anyone among you seen a dream?’ Then whoever ALLAH willed would tell of his dream. One day he said to us, ‘Two (angels) came to me last night and woke me up, then they said to me, ‘Let’s go!’… so, we set out and came to a man who was lying flat on his back and another man standing over his head with an iron hook, and behold, he would put the hook in one side of the man's mouth and tear off that side of his face to the back (of the neck) and similarly tear his nose from front to back and his eye from front to back. Then he turned to the other side of the man's face and did just as he had done with the other side. Hardly had he completed this side when the first side was restored to its normal state. Then he went back and did that all over again. I said to my two companions, 'Subhaan ALLAH! Who are these two persons?' They said to me, ‘Move on, move on!' (Then he said, describing how the two angels explained the things that he had seen): ‘As for the man you came across, the sides of whose mouth, nostrils and eyes were being torn off from front to back, he is the symbol of the man who goes out of his house in the morning and tells so many lies that it spreads all over the world.’” 
(Narrated by al-Bukhari, 5745) 

As usual…I will end up my article with a good moral story to take note.  So, enjoy it.

          In a hadith narrated by Luqman Hakim, told me one day there are people who have met with the Prophet Muhammad because he wanted to embrace Islam. After two sentences say the shahada, the man then said:
"O Messenger of Allah. Actually, I was always on sinning and hard to leave." So the Prophet replied: "Will you promise that you could leave the utterance a lie?"
"Yes, I promise" he replied briefly. After that, he returned to his home.

Based on the story, before he embraced Islam, he is renowned as an evil. His passion is just stealing, gambling and drinking liquor. So after he converted to Islam, he is working hard to leave all the ugliness. That is why he asked the advice of the Prophet Muhammad saw.

On the way home from meeting the Prophet Muhammad saw the man said to himself:
"Weight is also I want to leave what was desired by the Prophet."

So every time his heart compelled remedy evil, his heart continued to taunt.
"How dare you do evil. Are you shall answer when asked by the Prophet. Can you lie to him," whispered the little heart. Every time he would intend to do evil, then he remembered all messages Prophet and each time also the heart says:
"If I lie to Allah that I have betrayed my promise to him. Conversely, if I spoke the truth then I will accept punishment as a Muslim. Oh ALLAH.... indeed in the Messenger message that contained a valuable lesson."

After he struggled with desires that, eventually he will win deal with his instincts. According to tradition it again, since the day it began a new chapter in his life. He had emigrated from the crime to the glory of life as outlined by the Prophet SAW Until the end he has transformed into a pious and noble believer.

Whatever written of truth and benefit is only due to ALLAH’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.



Copyright @ 2013 My Heart.